Boat Mooring Checklist & Techniques

Pursuit Boats

Step by Step Instructions for Successful Mooring

Knowing how to moor your boat properly is a vital skill all boat owners should have. 

No one wants to find their vessel damaged, floating away or sunk, which can all happen if it is not moored and secured properly. A damaged or submerged boat is not only a huge financial loss and stressful situation, but can cause environmental damage too.

What is mooring

Mooring your boat securely and safely will give you the peace of mind that your boat will be ok while you are gone. Follow this boat mooring checklist to ensure your boat is properly moored each and every time.

What is Mooring?

Mooring is the act of tying or securing your vessel to a fixed structure:

  • Dock
  • Wharf
  • Jetty
  • Pier
  • Quay 

These all offer some kind of walkway and direct access to your vessel for easy boarding and loading.

You can also moor to a fixed position mooring buoy. A mooring buoy is connected via a mooring chain to a fixed anchor. When you moor to the buoy, the anchor holds your vessel in place. 

Mooring buoys are in open water and good for when you want to stop at an offshore location for some time. A dinghy or tender will be needed to get to shore.

See our blog on ‘Anchoring, Mooring and Docking’ for more information on what mooring is.

Before I Set Off – What Equipment Do I Need to Moor Properly?

Before each journey, make sure your vessel is equipped with everything you will need for successful and safe moorage, whether that is out in the water, or back at your home marina. 

  • At least one anchor attached to an anchor line
  • Bow line
  • Stern line
  • Spring line
  • Spare lines
  • At least 2 fenders (more if slip mooring)
  • Boat hook for retrieving mooring buoy lines

How to Moor Your Vessel – A Step by Step Guide to Mooring Techniques

Mooring to a dock

Mooring to a dock or jetty

Approaching a mooring – what to do first

  • Get prepared 
    • Does your mooring location have rules or requirements?
    • Do you need to check in and / or pay?
    • Can you moor anywhere or only in an allocated space?
  • Find your designated mooring spot or a free mooring spot that looks accessible
  • Reduce speed to minimum, then use reverse to bring boat to a stop well away from mooring
  • Observe any drift and consider how weather conditions and wind may impact your approach
  • Get lines ready by tying them to cleats
  • Prepare fenders and drop them over the appropriate side of vessel
  • Make sure there is no other moving traffic in the area before proceeding

Parallel Mooring – mooring alongside a dock and securing along one side of vessel

  • Approach the dock bow first at a narrow angle of around 20 degrees
  • When close, have a passenger step off to the dock and secure the bow line to a dock cleat
  • Use the stern line to pull back end of boat in by hand and secure line to dock cleat
  • If you will be away for some time or the weather is poor, add a spring line running from stern cleat to dock at midship then up to bow cleat.

If strong wind is pushing you away from the dock

  • Approach the dock at a steep (approx. 40 degree) angle
  • Put vessel into reverse to hold position and secure bow line to dock cleat
  • Put boat briefly into forward and turn wheel sharply away from dock to swing in stern
  • Secure stern line to dock cleat

If strong wind is pushing you into dock

  • Approach as slowly as possible parallel to the dock
  • Let the wind push you into dock (make sure fenders are in place)
  • Secure bow and then stern lines to dock cleats or bull railing

Slip mooring – mooring at right angle to dock or pier, between other boats or pontoons

  • Find mooring spot then turn so vessel is lined up in front of slip
  • Reverse into space being careful of other boats
  • Watch out for drift caused by wind and adjust as necessary
  • Secure boat by running lines from bow and starboard cleats to the dock

Mooring to a mooring buoyMooring to a mooring Buoy

  • Find out if the mooring buoy is public or private
  • Approach the mooring buoy from down-wind or current
  • Put engine into neutral and retrieve the buoy pick up line using your boat hook
  • Tie bowline to port or starboard bow cleat, then run bow line through loop in pick-up line
  • Tie other end of bowline to the opposite bow cleat

Mooring by Anchor

If you find yourself needing to stop while in open water but with no mooring buoys in sight, you will need to moor by anchor. See this step-by-step guide by discoverboating.com for tips on anchoring a boat.

After You Have Moored – Do These Things Before You Leave Your Boat

Mooring doesn’t end after you have tied up your lines. Make sure you shut down and protect your vessel before you leave it.

  • Check your lines are unobstructed and secureAfter you have moored
  • Close through hull valves
  • Switch on automatic bilge pumps and alarms 
  • Turn off non-essential electrics such as lights, VHF radio 
  • Connect to shore power if available to avoid battery drainage 
  • Store PFDs and life jackets
  • Latch all cabin doors
  • Lock ignition switches
  • Take your boat key and offshore essentials with you
  • Set boat security alarm 

Moorage Facilities to Suit all Vessels at Van Isle Marina

Whether you are looking for moorage options for a single night, a short stay or longer term, you’ll find everything you need at Van Isle Marina.

Located in Sidney, BC, Van Isle Marina is a full-service marina with 500 open and covered berths for boats up to 200 feet plus.

Utilities for those mooring at the marina include electrical hook up, water supply, waste disposal, full fuel dock and more. Van Isle Marina also has yacht maintenance and storage facilities should your vessel require some work during your time mooring with us.

Contact Van Isle Marina today for more information about mooring with us.

West Coast Yacht Systems